Q
more plants native to trinidad and their infomation
Anonymous
A

What exactly would you like to know about? Which plant?


Q
what plants are indigenous to Trinidad and tobago
Anonymous

Q
name some plant that are endangered in T&T
Anonymous
A

Using the IUCN Red List criteria, 18 species have been classified as critically endangered, 16 as endangered, 15 as vulnerable, three as near threatened and three as data deficient. Only four endemic plant species were classified as being of least concern.

This wiki link has a nice list for you. If you need me to double check anything, let me know
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endemic_flora_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago


Q
money plant
Anonymous
A

What do you need to know anon?


Q
are indian almonds found here
Anonymous
A

I believe they are found here. You can find them on several coastlines in Trinidad and in some inland areas as well


Q
Hi I would like a flower I've seen at Asa Wright identified. How do I get the image to you since I can't post the link here?
Anonymous
A

Hi. you can just email me at tntplantsblog@gmail.com or click on the “Submit” option


Campylocentrum micranthum
Flower Colour and Size:
White. Natural spread 2mm.
Flowering Period:
October to May
General Description:
Epiphytic. Monopodial. Inflorescences are borne along the main stem and carry up to thirty small flowers.
Habitat:
Forested areas of North and Central Trinidad. Forest of Main Ridge, Tobago
Common Name:
None

Campylocentrum micranthum

Flower Colour and Size:

White. Natural spread 2mm.

Flowering Period:

October to May

General Description:

Epiphytic. Monopodial. Inflorescences are borne along the main stem and carry up to thirty small flowers.

Habitat:

Forested areas of North and Central Trinidad. Forest of Main Ridge, Tobago

Common Name:

None


Brassia caudata
Flower Colour and Size:
Sepals and petals creamy yellow to yellowish green sometimes with brown spotting. Lip similar in colour to sepals and petals. Natural spread up to 12cm.
Flowering Period:
October to April
General Description:
Epiphytic. Pseudobulbs stout bearing two or three leaves. Long arching inflorescence bears up to twelve flowers arranged in orderly manner on both sides of spike.
Habitat:
Valleys of the Northern Range of Trinidad, hills of the Central Range and forests of South Central Trinidad. Grows in deep shade in very humid conditions.
Common Name:
Spider Orchid

Brassia caudata

Flower Colour and Size:

Sepals and petals creamy yellow to yellowish green sometimes with brown spotting. Lip similar in colour to sepals and petals. Natural spread up to 12cm.

Flowering Period:

October to April

General Description:

Epiphytic. Pseudobulbs stout bearing two or three leaves. Long arching inflorescence bears up to twelve flowers arranged in orderly manner on both sides of spike.

Habitat:

Valleys of the Northern Range of Trinidad, hills of the Central Range and forests of South Central Trinidad. Grows in deep shade in very humid conditions.

Common Name:

Spider Orchid


Brassia lanceana
Flower Colour and Size:
Sepals yellow-green. Petals yellow-green with mahogany barring at their bases. Lip yellow-green with mahogany spots. Natural spread 6cm.
Flowering Period:
May - September variable
General Description:
Epiphytic. Pseudobulbs oblong-cylindrical bearing one or two leaves. Arching inflorescence bears up to twelve flowers. Schultes page 234
Habitat:
One location adjacent to a stream near Easterfield, Tobago exposed to light to moderate breezes. Rainfall in this area is significant.
Common Name:
None

Brassia lanceana

Flower Colour and Size:

Sepals yellow-green. Petals yellow-green with mahogany barring at their bases. Lip yellow-green with mahogany spots. Natural spread 6cm.

Flowering Period:

May - September variable

General Description:

Epiphytic. Pseudobulbs oblong-cylindrical bearing one or two leaves. Arching inflorescence bears up to twelve flowers. Schultes page 234

Habitat:

One location adjacent to a stream near Easterfield, Tobago exposed to light to moderate breezes. Rainfall in this area is significant.

Common Name:

None


Brassavola cucullata

Flower Colour and Size:
White. Natural spread 7cm.
Flowering Period:
Variable
General Description:
Epiphytic. Very tall, clustered terete leaves. Star shaped flower with long sepals and petals which are similar. Lip long with fimbriated egde with apical appendage about 4cm long. Inflorescence bears a solitary flower. Schultes page 143
Habitat:
Varying heights on tall trees on the coast of North Eastern and North Western Trinidad and offshore islands between the Chaguaramas Peninsula of Trinidad and the Paria Peninsula of Venezuela. Often thrives in harsh conditions of high winds and direct sunlight
Common Name:
None

Brassavola cucullata

Flower Colour and Size:

White. Natural spread 7cm.

Flowering Period:

Variable

General Description:

Epiphytic. Very tall, clustered terete leaves. Star shaped flower with long sepals and petals which are similar. Lip long with fimbriated egde with apical appendage about 4cm long. Inflorescence bears a solitary flower. Schultes page 143

Habitat:

Varying heights on tall trees on the coast of North Eastern and North Western Trinidad and offshore islands between the Chaguaramas Peninsula of Trinidad and the Paria Peninsula of Venezuela. Often thrives in harsh conditions of high winds and direct sunlight

Common Name:

None


Bifrenaria aurantiaca
Flower Colour and Size:
Sepals and petals golden yellow with brown spotting. Lip golden yellow. Natural spread 2.5cm.
Flowering Period:
March
General Description:
Epiphytic. Pseudobulbs flat, almost round each bearing one leaf. Leaves are green with brown spotting. Inflorescence arching with up to 13 flowers. Schultes page 188.
Habitat:
Has been found in one restricted area Found on the northern slope of the Northern Range of Trinidad. Grows on tall trees forming mats on horizontal branches twelve to fifteen metres off the ground.
Common Name:
None

Bifrenaria aurantiaca

Flower Colour and Size:

Sepals and petals golden yellow with brown spotting. Lip golden yellow. Natural spread 2.5cm.

Flowering Period:

March

General Description:

Epiphytic. Pseudobulbs flat, almost round each bearing one leaf. Leaves are green with brown spotting. Inflorescence arching with up to 13 flowers. Schultes page 188.

Habitat:

Has been found in one restricted area Found on the northern slope of the Northern Range of Trinidad. Grows on tall trees forming mats on horizontal branches twelve to fifteen metres off the ground.

Common Name:

None


Aspasia variegata
Flower Colour and Size:
Yellow-green sepals and petals with brown barring on sepals and brown striping on petals. Lip white with purple streaks. Natural spread 4.5 cm
Flowering Period:
Variable
General Description:
Epiphytic. Pseudobulbs flat, ellipsoid, with two long thin leaves at apex. Inflorescence usually bears four flowers opening sequentially. Schultes page 228.
Habitat:
Forest of South-Central Trinidad in deep shade with high humidity.
Common Name:
None

Aspasia variegata

Flower Colour and Size:

Yellow-green sepals and petals with brown barring on sepals and brown striping on petals. Lip white with purple streaks. Natural spread 4.5 cm

Flowering Period:

Variable

General Description:

Epiphytic. Pseudobulbs flat, ellipsoid, with two long thin leaves at apex. Inflorescence usually bears four flowers opening sequentially. Schultes page 228.

Habitat:

Forest of South-Central Trinidad in deep shade with high humidity.

Common Name:

None


(Image taken from http://rajkumartrinidadandtobago.weebly.com/physical.html)
Xyris grisebachii Malme
Another endemic plant to Trinidad and Tobago. This time, it is Xyris grisebachii Malme or more commonly known (like it’s cousins) as the Yellow-eyed Grass. It is only found in the Aripo Savannah according to sources. Information was easier to find than pictures.(All hyperlinks in tact if clarification is needed on any terms specified below)
Herbs, perennial , occasionally annual , rosulate. Stems simple , erect , sometimes caudiciform, short to branching, elongate . Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, equitant; blade mostly linear to filiform , flattened to nearly terete , margins smooth to variously papillate or scabrous.Inflorescences: scapes variously elongate; spike bracts imbricate, the proximal sterile , decussate, distal ones fertile , in spiral [decussate], bearing medially, usually subapically, a distinct and mostly differently textured and colored “dorsal area” or this indistinct or absent. Flowers solitary in bract axils; sepals 3, distinct, unequal, lateral (outer) sepals distinct [connate ], chaffy , boat-shaped , chaffy, inner one membranous, capping corolla; keel papery , or scarious , variously winged , variously margined ; petals 3, distinct [to connate], equal, strongly clawed; blade ephemeral, spreading , yellow to white; staminodes 3, distinct, strongly clawed, apically yoked, bearded with moniliform hairs (rarely reduced, beardless) ; stamens 3, epipetalous ; anthers 2—4-locular; ovaries y thin-walled, placentation marginal to parietal [basal, free-central , axile ]; styles elongate, tubular , 3-branched; stigmas 3, U-shaped or funnelform . Capsules 3-valved, usually thin, loculicidal. Seeds [1—]15—90 or more, mealy or translucent , ovoid to cylindric , 0.3—1(—4) mm, variously lined and cross-lined; endosperm starchy and proteinaceous; embryo basal-lateral, minute.ReferencesInformation - Zip-code Zoo - Xyris grisebachii MalmeImage (More images) Xyridaceae > Xyris (yellow-eyes grass)Specimen (small picture, larger not available) http://ts-den.aluka.org/fsi/img/size1/alukaplant/s/phase_01/s0001/s-r-6581.jpg

(Image taken from http://rajkumartrinidadandtobago.weebly.com/physical.html)

Xyris grisebachii Malme

Another endemic plant to Trinidad and Tobago. This time, it is Xyris grisebachii Malme or more commonly known (like it’s cousins) as the Yellow-eyed Grass. It is only found in the Aripo Savannah according to sources. Information was easier to find than pictures.

(All hyperlinks in tact if clarification is needed on any terms specified below)

Herbs, perennial , occasionally annual , rosulate.
Stems simple , erect , sometimes caudiciform, short to branching, elongate .
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, equitant; blade mostly linear to filiform , flattened to nearly terete , margins smooth to variously papillate or scabrous.
Inflorescences: scapes variously elongate; spike bracts imbricate, the proximal sterile , decussate, distal ones fertile , in spiral [decussate], bearing medially, usually subapically, a distinct and mostly differently textured and colored “dorsal area” or this indistinct or absent.
Flowers
solitary in bract axils;
sepals
3, distinct, unequal, lateral (outer) sepals distinct [connate ], chaffy , boat-shaped , chaffy, inner one membranous, capping corolla; keel papery , or scarious , variously winged , variously margined ;
petals 3, distinct [to connate], equal, strongly clawed; blade ephemeral, spreading , yellow to white;
staminodes 3, distinct, strongly clawed, apically yoked, bearded with moniliform hairs (rarely reduced, beardless) ;
stamens 3, epipetalous ; anthers 2—4-locular; ovaries y thin-walled, placentation marginal to parietal [basal, free-central , axile ];
styles elongate, tubular , 3-branched; stigmas 3, U-shaped or funnelform .
Capsules
3-valved, usually thin, loculicidal.
Seeds [1—]15—90 or more, mealy or translucent , ovoid to cylindric , 0.3—1(—4) mm, variously lined and cross-lined;
endosperm starchy and proteinaceous;
embryo basal-lateral, minute.

References
Information - Zip-code Zoo - Xyris grisebachii Malme
Image (More images) Xyridaceae > Xyris (yellow-eyes grass)
Specimen (small picture, larger not available) http://ts-den.aluka.org/fsi/img/size1/alukaplant/s/phase_01/s0001/s-r-6581.jpg


Batemania colleyi
Flower Colour and Size:
Petals and sepals of uniform colour. Varies from light to dark brownish purple. Lip cream. Natural spread 5cm
Flowering Period:
September to January
General Description:
Dark green pseudobulbs bearing papery leaves. Drooping inflorescence bears up to seven flowers with an average of five. 
Habitat:
Wet valleys of the Northern Range of Trinidad. Often grows on bamboo along river banks. Also native to wet forests of South Trinidad.

Batemania colleyi

Flower Colour and Size:

Petals and sepals of uniform colour. Varies from light to dark brownish purple. Lip cream. Natural spread 5cm

Flowering Period:

September to January

General Description:

Dark green pseudobulbs bearing papery leaves. Drooping inflorescence bears up to seven flowers with an average of five.

Habitat:

Wet valleys of the Northern Range of Trinidad. Often grows on bamboo along river banks. Also native to wet forests of South Trinidad.



Astronium obliquum Griseb.
Common name : Yohoe, Yoke
Confined to the hills in northern Trinidad, where it is known as Yoke. Yoke is a fairly large evergreen tree with a darkish scaly bark. Distribution and habitat. General. Endemic to Trinidad. Local. It appears to be found only in the west of the Northern Range
(Information on this plant was hard to find as the publications weren’t readily available and previews only included one or two lines of information. Pictures were also hard to come by as well and there aren’t any pictures of the tree itself online. If you have any information on this plant, please feel free to share)

Astronium obliquum Griseb.

Common name : Yohoe, Yoke

Confined to the hills in northern Trinidad, where it is known as Yoke. Yoke is a fairly large evergreen tree with a darkish scaly bark. Distribution and habitat. General. Endemic to Trinidad. Local. It appears to be found only in the west of the Northern Range

(Information on this plant was hard to find as the publications weren’t readily available and previews only included one or two lines of information. Pictures were also hard to come by as well and there aren’t any pictures of the tree itself online. If you have any information on this plant, please feel free to share)